सदस्यः:Soorya Hebbar/प्रयोगपृष्ठम्/3

विकिपीडिया, कश्चन स्वतन्त्रः विश्वकोशः
शिल्पकलायाः देवः
भारते विश्वकर्मणः आराधनं द्विविधं प्रवर्तते। उत्तरभारतेषु विश्वकर्मा वृद्धरूपेण पूज्यते, बङ्गालेषु च युवरूपेण पूज्यते। उत्तरभारतीयचित्रम् वामतः, बेङ्गालीयचित्रम् दक्षिणतः च वर्तते।[१]
सम्बन्धः देवः
गृहाणि विश्वकर्मलोकः
मन्त्रः ओं विश्वकर्मणे नमः
शस्त्रम् तुला
पर्वतः जलपक्षी अथवा गजः (बेङ्गालीसम्प्रदाये)
सहचारी वीरोचनः[२]

मनुः, मयः, त्रिशिराः, विश्वज्ञः, शिल्पी, शरण्युः, छाया

हिमाचलप्रदेशः]] ) भारतम्

विश्वकर्मा सर्जनात्मकशक्तेः सर्वश्रेष्ठः देवः इति परिगण्यते. पुरातनशिल्पिषु अन्यतमः इति एतस्य परिगणनं विद्यते। सः भारते अनेकानि भवनानि अद्भुतानि मन्दिराणि च निर्मितवान् इति कथाः श्रूयन्ते। ऋग्वेदे विश्वकर्मणः उल्लेखः दृश्यते।[३] तत्र विश्वकर्मा लोकस्य प्रथमः शिल्पी इति उक्तं वर्तते। [४][५][६]

Bishowkarma Statue


विश्वकर्मा इति नाम इन्द्रार्थे सूर्यार्थे च आसीत्।[७] ऋग्वेदे पञ्च वारं विश्वकर्मा इति नाम उद्धृतम्। तत्र विश्वकर्मा चतुर्मुखः पक्षयुक्तः इति च वर्णनं दृश्यते। न भूमिर्न जलं चैव न तेजो न च वायवः न चाकाशं न चित्ताशा न बुद्धिः कर्णगोचरम् Na Bhoomir Na Jalam Chaiva Na Teejo Nacha Vaayavaha Na chakasam na chitthasha Na budhi khrana gocharam Nacha Brahmaa Na Vishnuscha Na Rudrascha Taarakaaha Sarvashoonya niralambam Swayambhu Viswakarmana.

According to the above hymn, from Moolastambha purana which is something similar to Nasadeeya suktha It/He was the one who created himself from himself when there was no earth, water, light, air and akasha, and even the Thrimurthies Later in the post vedic and brahmanic period, the term Vishwakarma is appeared both as the Rsi and the Silpi. In yajurveda the term is seen as one of names of pancha risis. Though the term is an epithet of suryanarayana, one of the seven rays of Surya is also known as Viswakarma. Bhauvana Vishwakarma (Atharva/Angirasa Gothra) is a vedic Rsi who was the author of Rg 10–81,82 suktha, (Prabasa Vishwakarma) was probably a silpi and the son of Prabhas, the eighth hermit of the legendary Astam vasu and Yogasiddha, sister of Brihaspati. He is said to have revealed the Sthapatya Veda / Vastu Shastra or fourth Upa-veda, and presides over the sixty-four mechanical arts.

Vishvakarma [ God ] created five prajapathies – from his five faces such as Sadyojāta, Vāmadeva, Aghora, Tatpuruṣha, Īsāna.[८] They are Manu, Maya, Twosta, Silpy, Viswajna and their respective Rishis (Gothra rishis of Vishwakarma (caste))

  1. Sānaga Brahma Rishi
  2. Sanāthana Brahma Rishi
  3. Ahabhuna Brahma Rishi
  4. Prathna Brahma Rishi
  5. Suparna Brahma Rishi

In later puranas he is sometimes identified with vedic Tvastar.[९] Silpi Vishwakarma is the designer of all the flying chariots of the gods, and all their weapons and divine attributes. Vishwakarma/Tvostar is also credited with creating the missiles used in the mythological era, including the Vajra, the sacred weapon of Lord Indra, from the bones of sage Dadhichi. He is regarded as the supreme worker, the very essence of excellence and quality in craftsmanship.[१०]

Vishwakarma Puja[सम्पादयतु]

Vishwakarma Temple at Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Vishwakarma Temple, Lohgarh, Zirakpur (Near Chandigarh)

Since Vishwakarma is the divine engineer of the world, as a mark of reverence, he is not only worshiped by the engineering and architectural community but also by all professionals. It is customary for craftsmen to worship their tools in his name.

Silpy Vishwakarma is attributed a putative birthday by the Hindu religion. The more philosophical minded argue that it is impossible for the original Creator of everything to be born on a particular day. In Rig veda he is described as Swayambhu[११] So it is a contradiction in terms since that presupposes another creator for Vishwakarma. The Vishwakarma Puja is celebrated in all parts of Nepal and India.

Even among those who believe that there is a birthday there is no agreement as to when it actually occurs. Visvakarma birthday is celebrated on two days under different names:

  • Vishwakarma Puja. "Vishwakarma Puja" always celebrated in India on the 17th/18th September of every Year.[१२]
  • Rishi Panchami Dinam. "Rishi Panchami Dinam" literally means ‘the day of the solidarity of five rishis.’ Those who celebrate this day believe that Vishwakarma did not have a birthday like the mortals but only a commemoration day in which his five children (supposedly five rishis) came together to declare their solidarity and pray to their illustrious father. This day follows the rules of the Hindu calendar and changes with every year. The five groups among the Vishwakarma community also celebrate this as an auspicious day in commemoration of their patron god at present.[१३]
  • Visvakarma Jayanthi. Vishwakarma Jayanthi is celebrated by all industrial houses, artists, craftsmen, and weavers. The Vedic Jayanthi is celebrated on Magha Shukla Trayodashi is celebrated culturally. The festival is observed on Kanya Sankranti (16 September in 2016)[१४] which follows the Ganesh Puja. It was on this particular day that the forefathers of the present Visvakarma people invented the plough and gave it to humanity. The plough represents both the artisan trade as well as agriculture and therefore becomes the representative symbol of the ancient Indian civilisation. It changed the course of human history altogether. This was a change from ‘local mob culture to universal human culture’ and Vishwakarmas of India pioneered it. Coincidentally, this also becomes the birthday of Rsi/Silpi Visvakarma. So Indians in the past celebrated this day of many illustrious conjunctions as an occasion to honor Vishwakarma and his descendants.

Vishvakarman is a particular god of Hindu railwaymen in India.[१५]

Architectural wonders[सम्पादयतु]

Hindu scriptures describe many of Vishwakarma's architectural accomplishments.

Through the four yugas (aeons of Hindu mythology), he had built several towns and temples for the gods. Among them were, in chronological order, Svarga (Heaven) in the Satya Yuga, Lanka in the treta Yuga, and Dwarka (Krishna's capital) in the dwapara Yuga.

Jagannath puri, Temple[सम्पादयतु]

The Lord of Architecture is also supposed to have built the three deities Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, Goddess Subhadra along with Sudarshana Chakra in the Shreekshretra Jagannath Temple .

Lanka : The City of Gold[सम्पादयतु]

फलकम्:Unreferenced section According to Ramayana, 'Swarnalanka' or Golden Lanka was ruled by Ravana during the treta yuga. This is also the city where Ravana held Sita hostage. It is said that when Lord Shiva married Parvati, he asked Viswakarma to build a beautiful palace for them to reside in. Vishwakarma built a palace made of gold. For the housewarming ceremony, Shiva invited the wise Pulastya rishi (The Grandfather of Kubera and also Ravana) to perform the "Grihapravesh" ritual. After the sacred ceremony when Shiva asked Pulastya rishi to ask anything in return as "Dakshina", Pulastya, overwhelmed with the beauty and grandeur of the palace, asked Shiva for the golden palace itself. Shiva was obliged to accede to Pulastya's wish, and the Golden Lanka became his grandson Kubera's palace. The city of gold is said to have fallen into Ravana's hands when he overthrew his half brother Kubera.


The Lord Krishna in the Golden City Dwarka built by Viswakarma

फलकम्:Unreferenced section Viswakarma is also supposed to have built Dwarka overnight.[१६] During the time of the Mahabharata, Lord Krishna is said to have lived in Dwarka, and made it his "Karma Bhumi" (center of operation). This land now located in today's Gujarat has become a well known pilgrimage for the Hindus.

See also[सम्पादयतु]


  1. চট্টোপাধ্যায়, কুন্তক. "বাংলায় ঢুকেই ভোলবদল বিশ্বকর্মার". anandabazar.com (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  2. Brahmanda Purana, III.59
  3. Vishvakarman – Oxford Reference (in English). 
  4. Melton, J. Gordon (2011). Religious Celebrations: L-Z (in English). ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598842050. 
  5. "Rig Veda: Rig-Veda, Book 10: HYMN LXXXI. Visvakarman.". www.sacred-texts.com. 
  6. "Rig Veda: Rig-Veda, Book 10: HYMN LXXXII. Visvakarman.". www.sacred-texts.com. 
  7. "Vishvakarman | Hindu mythology". Encyclopedia Britannica (in English). 
  8. TS 4.3.2), as per Vasishtha Purana 3.6.11
  9. Monier-Williams (1899) p. 994.
  10. Coomaraswamy (1979), p. 79.
  11. Yo na pita janitha yo vidata, Rig veda
  12. https://www.calendarlabs.com/holidays/hindu/vishwakarma-puja.php
  13. Achary, Subramanian Matathinkal (1995).
  14. http://www.festivalsofindia.in/kanya-sankranti/index.aspx
  15. documentary Monsoon Railway, directed by Gerry Troyna, shown on Yesterday (TV channel) 5pm to 7 pm (UK time) Sunday 28 January 2018
  16. Archer, W. G. (2007). The Loves of Krishna in Indian Painting and poetry. Echo Library. p. 44. ISBN 9781406825404. 


  • Achary, Subramanian Matathinkal (1995): Visvakarmajar Rigvedathil, Sawraj Printing and Publishing Company, Aluva.
  • Coomaraswamy, Ananda K. (1979): Medieval Sinhalese Art, Pantheon Books Inc., New York.
  • Monier-Williams (1899). [२]
  • Pattanaik, Devdutt (2009). 7 Secrets from Hindu Calendar Art. Westland, India. फलकम्:ISBN.
  • Indian philosophy and religion by Bibhu/Minakshi Padhi*. Mainly suthar cast prayer to lord Vishwakarma.Suthar cast which is famous and popular for interior and architectural work along with furniture decor in all over world. People of Suthar community is follower of lord Vishwakarma. Suthar, Gajjar&Mistry community mainly live in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra states of India. Some famous Sub castes of Suthar Community are Mandan, Dayma, Dhamu, Aasdev, makkad, Gepal, Chhabra, Nagal, Kulariya, Bardwa, Mandan, Chuyal, Dhamu etc. In Maharashtra 'Suthar' are called"sutar".

Further reading[सम्पादयतु]


External links[सम्पादयतु]

फलकम्:Worship in Hinduism