द्वितीयविश्वयुद्धम्

अधि विकिपीडिया, एकः स्वतन्त्रविश्वविज्ञानकोश
अत्र गम्यताम् : सञ्चरणं, अन्वेषणम्
World War II
Infobox collage for WWII.PNG
Clockwise from top left: Chinese forces in the Battle of Wanjialing, Australian 25-pounder guns during the First Battle of El Alamein, German Stuka dive bombers on the Eastern Front winter 1943–1944, US naval force in the Lingayen Gulf, Wilhelm Keitel signing the German Surrender, Soviet troops in the Battle of Stalingrad
दिनाङ्कः 1 September 1939 (1939-09-01) – 2 September 1945 (1945-09-02) (&10000000000000006000000६ years, &10000000000000001000000१ day)
स्थानम् Europe, Pacific, Atlantic, South-East Asia, China, Middle East, Mediterranean and Africa, briefly North America
फलम् Allied victory
प्रतिद्वन्द्विनः
Allies

 Soviet Union (1941–45)[nb १]
 United States (1941–45)
 British Empire
Republic of China China (at war 1937–45)
 France[nb २]
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 South Africa
 Yugoslavia (1941–45)
 Greece (1940–45)
 Norway (1940–45)
 Netherlands (1940–45)
 Belgium (1940–45)
 Czechoslovakia
 ब्रासील (1942–45)
...and others


Client and puppet states
 India
Egypt Egypt (1940-42, 1945)[nb ३]
फ़िलिपीन्स् Philippines (1941–45)
Syria Syria (1941, 1945)[nb ४]
Mongolia Mongolia (1941–45)
...and others

Axis

 Germany
 Japan (at war 1937–45)
 इटली (1940–43)
 Romania (1941–44)
 Hungary (1941–45)
 Bulgaria (1941–44)
 Thailand (1942–45)


Co-belligerents
Vichy France (1940–44)
 Finland (1941–44)
 Iraq (1941)


Client and puppet states
 Manchukuo
 Italian Social Republic (1943–45)
 Independent State of Croatia (1941–45)
 Slovakia
...and others

नेतारः आज्ञाकारिणश्च
Allied leaders

Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
संयुक्तानि राज्यानि Franklin D. Roosevelt
United Kingdom Winston Churchill
Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek
फ्रांस Charles de Gaulle
...and others

Axis leaders

Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Empire of Japan Hirohito
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)Italian Social Republic Benito Mussolini  Executed
Philippe Pétain
Kingdom of Romania Ion Antonescu
...and others

हताहतानां सङ्ख्या हानिश्च
Military dead:
Over 16,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 45,000,000
Total dead:
Over 61,000,000 (1937–45)
...further details
Military dead:
Over 8,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 4,000,000
Total dead:
Over 12,000,000 (1937–45)
...further details

द्वितीयविश्वयुद्धं विश्वस्तरीययुद्धम् अस्ति।


बाह्यसम्पर्कतन्तुः[सम्पादयतु]

  1. 23 August 1939, the USSR and Germany sign non-aggression pact, secretly dividing Eastern Europe into spheres of influence. USSR armistice with Japan 16 September 1939; invades Poland 17 September 1939; attacks Finland 30 September 1939; forcibly incorporates Baltic States June 1940; takes eastern Romania 4 July 1940. 22 June 1941, USSR is invaded by European Axis; USSR aligns with countries fighting Axis.
  2. After the fall of the Third Republic in 1940, the de facto government was the Vichy Regime. It conducted pro-Axis policies until November 1942 while remaining formally neutral. The Free French Forces, based out of London, were recognized by all Allies as the official government in September 1944.
  3. The territory of the Kingdom of Egypt was effectively in the war since since Italy's invasion of Egypt in 1940 from Italian Libya, with British forces fighting Italian and later German forces, however Egypt only officially declared war in February 1945.
  4. Like Egypt, Syria was effectively in the war before its official declaration in February 1945. Syria sought to secede from control by Vichy France in 1941, and was assisted by British forces, after the victory over Vichy French forces. Free France accepted Syrian independence in September 1941 however formal independence was not granted until 1943, while British forces controlled the territory. Syria re-entered the war in February 1945.
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