Individual organisms from each major vertebrate group. Clockwise, starting from top left: Fire Salamander, Saltwater Crocodile, Southern Cassowary, Black-and-rufous Giant Elephant Shrew, Ocean Sunfish
येषां प्राणिनां कशेरुकं भवति ते कशेरुकाः इति उच्यन्ते ।
- Tree of Life
- Tunicates and not cephalochordates are the closest living relatives of vertebrates
- Vertebrate Pests chapter in United States Environmental Protection Agency and University of Florida/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences National Public Health Pesticide Applicator Training Manual
- The Vertebrates
- The Origin of Vertebrates Marc W. Kirschner, iBioSeminars, 2008.