फलकम्:Citation needed

विकिपीडिया, कश्चन स्वतन्त्रः विश्वकोशः
अत्र गम्यताम् : सञ्चरणम्, अन्वेषणम्

[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]

Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

{{Citation needed}}

(also known by the redirects {{Cn}}
and {{Fact}}

) is a template used to identify claims in articles, particularly if questionable, that need a citation to a reliable source. The template produces a superscripted [उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]


{{Citation needed|reason=your explanation here|date=मार्च २०१७}}


  • The date-substitution template may be used to automatically generate the date, e.g., {{Citation needed|{{subst:DATE}}}}. See Help:Substitution for more information.
  • The |date= parameter need not be added by the editor: if not entered, a bot will soon add it. The date parameter consists of the full English name of the current month with initial capital, a space, and the year, not full dates; e.g., "January 2013", but not "jan13". Any deviation from these two rules will result in an "invalid date parameter" error.
  • The |reason= (without leading capital) parameter is optional but often helpful. It is displayed as a tooltip. For example, the following usage might be appropriate to the claim that "Humphrey Bogart has won several snooker world championships.":
    {{Citation needed|reason=This claim needs a reliable source; Bogart was a famous actor, and his major biographies don't mention snooker.|date=मार्च २०१७}}
    • If double quotation marks are used within the |reason= parameter, the reason will not be displayed as a tooltip; use single quotes instead.
    • Use only plain text for the |reason= parameter. It does not support wiki markup like wikilinks which can "mess up" the tooltip.
  • Use of this template places the article into Category:Articles with unsourced statements and Category:Articles with unsourced statements from मार्च २०१७ (example).
  • Remove the template when you add a citation for a statement.


Example 1[सम्पादयतु]

This sentence shows the template used at the end.{{Citation needed|reason=reliable source needed for the whole sentence|date=मार्च २०१७}}

The above wikitext will render as follows:

This sentence shows the template used at the end.[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]]]

Example 2[सम्पादयतु]

The template indicates that it may be that Humphrey Bogart played snooker at some point and it may be that he won some tournaments at some point but no reliable, published sources were given to verify it and the information is not considered common knowledge.

Humphrey Bogart has won several snooker world championships.[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]]]

Example 3[सम्पादयतु]

If it is considered that he might have won just one tournament, the template may be placed accordingly; and a reason for the need of a citation may be given, displayed when the mouse hovers on "citation needed":

Humphrey Bogart has won several[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]]] snooker world championships.

When not to use this template[सम्पादयतु]

Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced should be removed immediately. Do not tag it: immediately remove it. This includes material that is doubtful, harmful, or possibly libelous. For some policy about this, see the sections "Remove contentious material that is unsourced or poorly sourced" at Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons and "Burden of evidence" at Wikipedia:Verifiability.

The {{Citation needed}} template is intended for use when there is a general question of the verifiability of a statement, or when an editor believes that a reference verifying the statement should be provided. Other templates are available for other or more specific issues; see the list of inline templates. For example, claims that you think are incorrect should be tagged with {{Dubious}} , and those which represent a non-neutral view should be tagged with {{POV-statement}} . Being specific about the nature of the problem will help other editors correct it.

If you have the time and ability to find an authoritative reference, please do so. Then add the citation yourself, or correct the article text. After all, the ultimate goal is not to merely identify problems, but to fix them.

While an editor may add this template to any uncited passage for any reason, many editors object to what they perceive as overuse of this tag, particularly in what is known as "drive-by" tagging, which is applying the tag without attempting to address the issues at all (hit-and-run). Consider whether adding this tag in an article is the best approach before using it, and use it judiciously. Wikipedia's verifiability policy does not require reliable sources for common well-known facts (e.g., "The Moon orbits the Earth"), or that citations be repeated through every sentence in a paragraph. All direct quotations and facts whose accuracy might be challenged (e.g., statistics) require citations. See WP:MINREF for the list of material that is absolutely required to be followed by an inline citation, rather than a general reference or no citation at all. Also note that the burden of evidence lies with the editor who adds or restores material.

This template is intended for specific passages that need citation. For entire articles or sections that contain significant material lacking sources (rather than just specific short passages), there are other, more appropriate templates, such as {{Unreferenced}}

or {{Refimprove}}


Do not use this template on policies, guidelines, or other non-article pages.

How to respond to this tag[सम्पादयतु]

The addition of this tag is a request for an inline citation to support the tagged statement. If you are able to provide a citation to support the claim, then please do so.

Except for certain kinds of claims about living people, which require immediate production of inline citations, there is no specific deadline for providing citations. Please do not delete information that you believe is correct simply because no-one has provided a citation within an arbitrary time limit. Where there is some uncertainty about its accuracy, most editors are willing to wait about a month to see whether a citation can be provided.

Template data[सम्पादयतु]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Citation needed

The template is used to identify claims in articles, particularly if questionable, that need a citation to a reliable source.

साँचा प्राचल

परिमितिः वर्णनम् प्रकारः स्थितिः
Month and year date

Provides the month and year of the citation request; e.g., 'January 2013', but not 'jan13'

Auto value
स्ट्रिंग आवश्यक
Reason for citation reason

A reason as to why, or for what content, the citation is needed; use single quotes, if any

Auto value
स्ट्रिंग ऐच्छिकम्


  • Click here for a list of templates that redirect here and that may also be used.

See also[सम्पादयतु]

Inline templates[सम्पादयतु]

फलकम्:Cite quote: for "actual quotations" which need citations to make them proper.

[clarification needed]: request clarification of wording or interpretation.

फलकम्:Examples: request examples for clarification.

फलकम्:Nonspecific: flag a general, yet factual statement as needing to be made more specific before it can be verified.

फलकम्:Page needed: request a page number for an existing citation.

Highlighting some text that needs a citation[सम्पादयतु]

similar, except that the text needing the citation is changed to a dark slate-gray color while being encapsulated in an off-white box with a pale pink outline. For example:
Beetles constitute फलकम्:Citation needed span the largest order of insects, with फलकम्:Citation needed span
This template can be used within a sentence or at the end. Notice that punctuation should be inside the questioned text.

Incomplete citations[सम्पादयतु]

फलकम्:Full: in-line request for full citation, for example when only (Author, YEAR) is given.

फलकम्:Incomplete short citation: in-line warning and request for enough information to allow the short citation to uniquely identify a long citation.

फलकम्:Page needed: in-line request for the page number or page numbers in a work such as journal for an existing citation.

फलकम्:Season needed, similar to {{page needed}}

for missing TV season & episode number.

फलकम्:Volume needed, similar to {{page needed}}

for missing journal, newspaper, comic, volume and issue numbers, etc.


फलकम्:Better source: flags a statement as requiring a better source.

[नष्टसम्पर्कः]: request a fix for a dead external link within a paragraph or a reference citation.

फलकम्:Failed verification: source was checked, and did not contain the cited material.

फलकम्:Request quotation: request a direct quote from an inaccessible source, for verification purposes.

फलकम्:Self-published inline or {{Self-published source}}

फलकम्:Self-published source: flag a source that cites the author.

फलकम्:Source need translation: Self-explanatory. See WP:NONENG for policy requirements.

फलकम्:Verify credibility: flag a source as possibly being unreliable and/or unverifiable.

[सत्यापनम् आवश्यकम्]: request that someone verify the cited source backs up the material in the passage.


फलकम्:According to whom

फलकम्:Definition: flag a definition as being ambiguous/confusing

[dubious ]: flag something as suspected of being incorrect

फलकम्:Or: flag something as possibly containing original research

फलकम्:Peacock term: Avoid peacock terms too

फलकम्:POV-statement: dispute the neutrality of a passage

फलकम्:Quantify: flag a statement as being vague regarding the amount of something

फलकम्:Technical-statement: ...flag a word or phrase Wikipedia:Make technical articles understandable

/{{Chronology citation needed}} फलकम्:Chronology citation needed: request a source confirming or providing the chronology or timeline of a statement

फलकम्:Undue-inline: show that a statement does not ascribe appropriate weight to its sources, according to their prominence; use in preference to...

फलकम्:Vague: flag a statement that is too vague to be unambiguously verifiable.

फलकम्:Weasel-inline: flag for weasel word cleanup

फलकम्:When: flags a particular time period as being vague or ambiguous

फलकम्:Who: for placement after descriptions of a group of persons

/{{By whom}} फलकम्:By whom: placement after mention of a vague third party claim that is not sourced


फलकम्:Update after: a template that only shows itself after a specified time, indicating an exceptional statement that will date quickly.

Article message box templates[सम्पादयतु]

, article/section may have inappropriate or misinterpreted citations.

, article/section has weak or incomplete sources/references/citations.

, article/section has no sources/references/citations given at all.

फलकम्:Inline tags

"https://sa.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=फलकम्:Citation_needed&oldid=351479" इत्यस्माद् पुनः प्राप्तिः