विकिपीडिया:सभा/पुरालेखः ७

विकिपीडिया, कश्चन स्वतन्त्रः विश्वकोशः
Jump to navigation Jump to search

कृत्य पश्यति[सम्पादयतु]

नवीन अभिप्राय लेखन
प्रावेशिका आपीडयति
(पृष्ठपेटीका परिवर्तन करोसि)
Ravi Varma-Swarbat player jewellery.jpg

गुस्तावः मालेरः[सम्पादयतु]

गुस्तावः मालेरः औस्त्रीयदेशी संगीतरचिता अभवत्। ‍१८६० वर्षे जातः १९११ वर्षे च मृतः। तेन नव वाद्यगणसंगीतानि समाप्तानि अभवन् एकः च असमाप्तं अभवत्। पृथिव्याः संगीतं इदं च वाद्यगणसंगीतं समाप्तं अभवत्। अवेकानि संगीतानि अपि तेन रचितानि अभवत्। प्रसिद्धः वाद्यगणाधिपतिः अपि अभवत्।

aham griham

Let's use Devanagari Numerals[सम्पादयतु]

Let's us all uniformly use Devanagari Numerals(०१२३४५६७८९) and don't add any Latin Numerals(0123456789). -- भवतीयः उज्ज्वलः

The title image and display[सम्पादयतु]

Due to large white image in the title the upper Devanagari text is not fully visible as seen here. Hope this will get fixed. -- भवतीयः उज्ज्वलः


Valmiki (Sanskrit: वाल्मीकि, vālmīki) (ca. 400 BC?)[1] is celebrated as the poet harbinger in Sanskrit literature. He is the author of the epic Ramayana, based on the attribution in the text of the epic itself.[2] He is revered as the Adi Kavi, which means First Poet, for he discovered the first śloka i.e. first verse, which set the base and defined the form to Sanskrit poetry. The Yoga Vasistha is attributed to him. A religious movement called Valmikism is based on Valmiki's teachings as presented in the Ramayana and the Yoga Vasistha.

At least by the 1st century AD, Valmiki's reputation as the father of Sanskrit classical poetry seems to have been legendary. Ashvagosha writes in the Buddhacarita,

"The voice of Valmiki uttered poetry which the great seer Chyavana could not compose." This particular verse has been speculated to indicate a familial relationship between Valmiki and Chyavana, as implied by the previous and subsequent verses.[3][4]

Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Writer of the Ramayana 3 The first śloka 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

[edit] Early life The Uttara Khanda chapter of the Ramayana tells the story of Valmiki's early life, as an unnamed highway robber who used to rob people after killing them. Once, the robber tried to rob the divine sage Narada for the benefit of his family. Narada asked him if his family would share the sin he was incurring due to the robbery. The robber replied positively, but Narada told him to confirm this with his family. The robber asked his family, but none agreed to bear the burden of sin. Dejected, the robber finally understood the truth of life and asked for Narada's forgiveness. Narada taught the robber to worship God. The robber meditated for many years, so much so that ant-hills grew around his body. Finally, a divine voice declared his penance successful, bestowing him with the name "Valmiki": "one born out of ant-hills".[5]

Govt. has announced the VALMIKI JAYANTHI as a govt. holiday in Karnataka on October 22

[edit] Writer of the Ramayana The Rāmāyaṇa, originally written by Valmiki, consists of 24,000 verses[6] in six cantos (some say seven i.e. including the Uttara Ramayana) (kāṇḍas). The Ramayana tells the story of a prince, Rama of Ayodhya, whose wife Sita is abducted by the demon (Rākshasa) king of Lanka, Rāvana. The Valmiki Ramayana is dated variously from 500 BC to 100 BC, or about co-eval with early versions of the Mahabhārata.[7] As with many traditional epics, it has gone through a long process of interpolations and redactions, making it impossible to date accurately.

[edit] The first śloka Valmiki was going to the river Ganga for his daily ablutions. A disciple by the name Bharadwaja was carrying his clothes. On the way, they came across the Tamasa Stream. Looking at the stream, Valmiki said to his disciple, "Look, how clear is this water, like the mind of a good man! I will bathe here today." When he was looking for a suitable place to step into the stream, he heard the sweet chirping of birds. Looking up, he saw two birds flying together. Valmiki felt very pleased on seeing the happy bird couple. Suddenly, one of the birds fell down, hit by an arrow; it was the male bird. Seeing the wounded one, its mate screamed in agony. Valmiki's heart melted at this pitiful sight. He looked around to find out who had shot the bird. He saw a hunter with a bow and arrows, nearby. Valmiki became very angry. His lips opened and he uttered the following words:

/*ॐ मा निषाद प्रतिष्ठां त्वमगमः शास्वती समः यत् क्रौञ्चमिथुनादेकमवधीः काममोहितम्*/

mā niṣāda pratiṣṭhāṁ tvamagamaḥ śāśvatīḥ samāḥ yat krauñcamithunādekam avadhīḥ kāmamohitam[8] You will find no rest for the long years of Eternity For you killed a bird in love and unsuspecting[9] Emerging spontaneously from his rage and grief, this was the first śloka in Sanskrit literature. Later Valmiki composed the entire Ramayana with the blessings of Lord Brahma in the same meter that issued forth from him as the śloka. Thus this śloka is revered as the "first śloka" in Hindu literature. Valmiki is revered as the first poet, or Adi Kavi, and the Ramayana, the first kavya.

His first disciples to whom he taught the Ramayana were Kusha and Lava, the sons of Rama.he is the god of nayaka community

[edit] See also Ramayana Sanskrit literature [edit] References ^ Julia Leslie, Authority and Meaning in Indian Religions: Hinduism and the Case of Valmiki, Ashgate (2003), p. 154. ISBN 0754634310 ^ Vālmīki, Robert P. Goldman (1990). The Rāmāyaṇa of Vālmīki: An Epic of Ancient India. 1. Princeton University Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 069101485X. ^ E. B. Cowell, tr., The Buddhacharita of Asvagosha, Book I, Verse 48. Clarendon Press (1894) ^ Ilapvuluri Panduranga Rao, Valmiki, Sahitya Akademi, India (1994) - Makers of Indian Literature - ISBN 8172016808 ^ Suresh Chandra (1998). Encyclopaedia of Hindu gods and goddesses. Sarup & Sons. pp. 262–3. ISBN 9788176250399. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=mfTE6kpz6XEC&pg=PA263&dq=valmiki+robber&as_brr=3&client=firefox-a#v=onepage&q=valmiki%20robber&f=false. ^ and 6 cantos{Kandas}excluding the Uttara canto{Kanda}Rāmāyaṇa is composed of about 480,002 words, a quarter of the length of the full text of the Mahabharata or about four times the length of the Iliad. ^ Goldman, Robert P., The Ramayana of Valmiki: An Epic of Ancient India pp. 23 ^ Sacred-Texts.com IAST encoded transliteration (modified from original source to accurately reflect sandhi rules) ^ Buck, William and van Nooten, B. A. Ramayana. 2000, page 7 [edit] External links Valmiki biography webpage

जयदेव १२०० ईस्वी के संस्कृत के महाकवि हैं जिन्होंने गीत गोविन्द और रतिमंजरी रचित किए थे। जयदेव, लक्ष्मण सेन शासक के दरबारी कवि थे । जयदेव एक वैष्णव भक्त और संत के रूप में सम्मानित थे। उनकी कृति ‘गीत गोविन्द’ को श्रीमद्‌भागवत के बाद राधाकृष्ण की लीला की अनुपम साहित्य-अभिव्यक्ति माना गया है। संस्कृत कवियों की परंपरा में भी वह अंतिम कवि थे, जिन्होंने ‘गीत गोविन्द’ के रूप में संस्कृत भाषा के मधुरतम गीतों की रचना की। कहा गया है कि जयदेव ने दिव्य रस के स्वरूप राधाकृष्ण की रमणलीला का स्तवन कर आत्मशांति की सिद्धि की। भक्ति विजय के रचयिता संत महीपति ने जयदेव को श्रीमद्‌भागवतकार व्यास का अवतार माना है। [संपादित करें]परिचय एवं प्रशंसा


प्राचीना भाषा भवति