विकिपीडिया, कश्चन स्वतन्त्रः विश्वकोशः
Marathwada Martyr Monument (Marathwada Hutatma Smarak), located in the city
Marathwada Martyr Monument (Marathwada Hutatma Smarak), located in the city
लुआ त्रुटि पटलम्:Location_map में पंक्ति 408 पर: Malformed coordinates value।
Coordinates: १८°२४′उत्तरदिक् ७६°३४′पूर्वदिक् / 18.40°उत्तरदिक् 76.56°पूर्वदिक् / १८.४०; ७६.५६निर्देशाङ्कः : १८°२४′उत्तरदिक् ७६°३४′पूर्वदिक् / 18.40°उत्तरदिक् 76.56°पूर्वदिक् / १८.४०; ७६.५६
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Region Marathwada
Division Aurangabad
District Latur
Settled Possibly 7th century AD
Named for Lattalura
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Latur Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Vikrant Gojamgunde
 • Municipal Commissioner M. Devendra Singh
 • MLAs
 • Member of Parliament Sudhakar Shrangare
 • Total ३२.५६ km
Area rank 16th (Maharashtra)
120th (India)
५१५ m
 • Total ६८३,६६६[१]
Demonym(s) Laturkar
 • Official Marathi[३]
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
  • 413 512
  • 413 531
Telephone code 91-2382
Vehicle registration MH-24
Sex ratio 923.54 /1000
Literacy 96.76
Distance from Mumbai 487 किलोमीटर (303 मील) E (land)
Distance from Hyderabad 280 किलोमीटर (170 मील) NW (land)
Distance from Aurangabad 294 किलोमीटर (183 मील) SE (land)
Climate BSh (Köppen)
Precipitation 725 mm
Avg. summer temperature 41 °से (106 °फ़ै)
Avg. winter temperature 13 °से (55 °फ़ै)

Latur is a city in the Marathwada region—where it is the third most populous city—of Maharashtra state, in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Latur district and taluka. The city is a tourist hub surrounded by many historical monuments, including Udgir Fort and Kharosa Caves. The people in Latur are called Laturkar. The most spoken language in Latur is Marathi. The city's quality of education attracts students from nearby villages.


Latur has an ancient history, which probably dates to the Rashtrakuta period. It was home to a branch of Rashtrakutas which ruled the Deccan from 753 to 973 AD. The first Rashtrakuta king, Dantidurga, was from Lattaluru (Kannada: ಲಟ್ಟಲೂರು), the ancient name for Latur. Ratnapur is also mentioned as an historic name for Latur.[४]

The King Amoghavarsha of Rashtrakutas developed the Latur city. The Rashtrakutas who succeeded the Chalukyas of Badami in 753 AD called themselves the residents of Lattaluru.[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]

It was, over the centuries, variously ruled by the Satavahanas, the Sakas, the Chalukyas, the Yadavas of Deogiri, the Delhi Sultans, the Bahamani rulers of South India, Adilshahi, and the Mughals.

Later in the 19th century, Latur became part of the Princely state of Hyderabad. In 1905 it was merged with surrounding areas and renamed Latur tehsil, becoming part of Osmanabad district. Before 1948, Latur was a part of Hyderabad State under Nizam. The chief of Nizam's Razakar army, Qasim Rizwi, was from Latur.

After Indian independence and the Indian annexation of Hyderabad, Osmanabad became part of Bombay Province. In 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Latur became one of its districts. On August 16, 1982, a separate Latur district was carved out of Osmanabad district.

भौगोलिकम् वायुगुणश्च[सम्पादयतु]

Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: MSN Weather
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Latur is situated 636 metres above mean sea level, on the Balaghat plateau, near the Maharashtra–Karnataka state boundary. It receives its drinking water from the nearby Manjira River, which suffered from environmental degradation and silting in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.[५] As a result of this and lack of implementation of a water management strategy, during the drought of the 2010s the city ran out of water.[६][७]

Temperature : Temperatures in Latur range from 13 से 41 °से (55 से 106 °फ़ै), with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter, which is October to February. The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.6 °से (114.1 °फ़ै). The lowest recorded temperature was 2.2 °से (36.0 °फ़ै). In the cold season the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the minimum temperature may drop down to about 2 से 4 °से (36 से 39 °फ़ै).[८]

Rainfall : Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Rainfall varies from 9.0 से 693 मिलीमीटर (0.35 से 27.28 इंच) per month. Average annual rainfall is 725 मिलीमीटर (28.5 इंच).

१९९३ लातूर भुकम्पः[सम्पादयतु]

मुख्यलेखः : 1993 Latur earthquake

Latur had a devastating intraplate earthquake on 30 September 1993 resulting in a huge loss of life. The earthquake measured only 6.3 on the Richter magnitude scale but around 10,000 people were estimated to have died [९] and 30,000 injured mainly due to poor construction of houses and village huts made of stones which collapsed on people who were fast asleep in early morning hours. It struck southern Marathwada region of Maharashtra state in central-western part of India and affected Latur, Beed, Osmanabad and adjoining districts about 400 km south-east of Mumbai. Latur was almost completely destroyed and life came to a standstill. The earthquake's focus was around 12 km deep (relatively shallow), causing shock waves to cause more damage. The number of lives lost was high as the earthquake occurred at 3:53 a.m. local time, when people were fast asleep. After the earthquake, seismic zones were reclassified and building codes and standards were revised all over India.


Latur's population, as of the 2011 census, is 683,666.[१]

Most residents of the city speak Marathi (62% per district census, urban areas), with Urdu (18%) and Hindi (9%) also being widely spoken.[१]

Religions in Latur
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Atheism (<0.1%).


सर्वकार राजनीतिश्च[सम्पादयतु]

स्थानिक सर्वकार[सम्पादयतु]

मुख्यलेखः : Latur Municipal Corporation
Office of Collector, Latur

Latur earlier had a Municipal Council, which was established in 1952. Latur Municipal Corporation (LMC) is the local civil body. It is divided into five zones. the Municipal Corporation area is about 117.78 वर्ग किलोमीटर (45.48 वर्ग मील). It was elevated to the status of Municipal Corporation by the State Government in 2011.

The Urban Development Dept., Govt. of Maharashtra expressed its desire vide letter dated 30/10/2006 to notify fringe area of Latur and appoint CIDCO as its Special Planning Authority. CIDCO has submitted its proposal to notify the fringe area measuring approx. 26541.00 ha. inclusive of urbanisable zone of about 16696 ha. Govt. has appointed CIDCO as Special Planning Authority. The notified area covers 40 villages on the fringe of Latur Municipal Corporation. It is envisaged in the project not to acquire 100% land but to adopt minimum land acquisition model for development of infrastructure and growth corridors.

The city is divided in 70 electoral wards called as Prabhag and each ward is represented by a Corporator (called as Nagarsevak) elected by the people from each ward. LMC is responsible for providing basic amenities like drinking water, drainage facility,road,street lights, healthcare facilities, primary schools,etc. LMC collects its revenue from the urban taxes which are imposed on citizens. The administration is headed by the Commissioner of Municipal Corporation; an I.A.S. Officer, assisted by the other officers of different departments.

राज्य केन्द्रसर्वकारश्च[सम्पादयतु]

केशवराव सोनवणे, first minister from Latur constituency.

Latur contributes one seat to the Lok Sabha. The seat is currently held by Sudhakar Shringare, MP, of the BJP. It also holds one seat for the Assembly - Latur Indian National Congress. In latest constituency arrangements made by Election Commission of India, Latur will contribute one Loksabha seat, and two state assembly seats, i.e. Latur City and Latur Rural.


विलासराव देशमुख

Latur is called the "city of politicians".[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]

Keshavrao Sonawane was the first minister from Latur region who was in the cabinet of Maharashtra Chief Minister Yashwantrao Chavan and later in the cabinet of Vasantrao Naik, as cooperatives minister, 1962–1967.[१०]

The city is the birthplace of other politicians, such as Shivraj Patil and Diliprao Deshmukh.

Vilasrao Deshmukh was born in Babhalgaon village, Latur. He served twice as Chief Minister of Maharashtra state, and twice as Union cabinet minister.

Amidst national political controversy is the death, on 1 December 2014, of judge Brijgopal Harkishan Loya of the Central Bureau of Investigation, who was addressing the case involving Amit Shah, the national leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and who was cremated at his native village of Gategaon.[११]

Vikrant Vikram Gojamgunde is the mayor of Latur. He became mayor in 2019.[१२] He is the youngest mayor in the state of Maharashtra.

शिक्षण संशोधनम्[सम्पादयतु]

Latur has developed into an educational hub for secondary, higher secondary, and university education. The district is known in Maharashtra for its "Latur Pattern" of study, which involves intensive coaching given in the city. Students of junior colleges in Latur have a good record in taking competitive engineering and medical entrance exams.[१३]

Basic and higher education[सम्पादयतु]

Public schools (known locally as municipality schools) are run by the LMC, and are affiliated with the MSBSHSE. Private schools are run by educational trusts or individuals. They are usually affiliated with either the state board or national education boards, such as the ICSE or CBSE boards.

University education[सम्पादयतु]

Due to more than 140 colleges, the city is known as an educational hub in Marathwada. Many of the students studying in the colleges and the University are from nearby districts. Most colleges in Latur are affiliated with the Nanded University.

The M. S. Bidve Engineering College, Latur, founded in 1983, is one of the oldest engineering colleges in Marathwada. The Maharashtra Institute of Medical Science & Research Latur was founded in 1988 by social activist Vishwanath Karad.

The Border Security Force Training Centre, Chakur and the Disaster Management Training Institute were established in Latur in 2005 and 2008, respectively.

Dayanand Law College was established by the Dayanand Education Society. Established medical schools such as the Government Medical College, Manjara Ayurvedic College are present in the city.

Channabasweshwar Pharmacy College is a degree college that provides diploma, degree, and master courses in the pharmacy field. Other pharmacy colleges are Dayanand College of Pharmacy and Vilasrao Deshmukh College of Pharmacy.

Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation's(VDF) College is a degree college that provides diploma, degree, ourses in the engineering and pharmacy field. Other pharmacy colleges are Dayanand College of Pharmacy and Vilasrao Deshmukh College of Pharmacy.

Professional education[सम्पादयतु]

Latur is home to a branch of the Western India Regional Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, along with an exam centre, Information Technology training lab, reading room, and a library for Chartered Accountants as well as for students.

Trade and industries[सम्पादयतु]

The city is a major sugarcane and edible oils, soybean, grapes and mango production centre. A fine blend of mango with locally grown mangoes was developed as Keshar Amba. Oil seeds was the major produce of Latur region. So for benefit of farmers Keshavrao Sonavane had established Dalda Factory which was Asia's first oil mill set up on cooperative terms.[१४]

Till 1990, Latur languished as a city, remaining an industrially backward. In 1960, region of Marathwada was merged with Maharashtra. This was the time when the industrial development of the Marathwada region began, propelled through designated backward area benefits. Latur got its first MIDC setup during the tenure of then Co-operative minister Keshavrao Sonavane. It was only when the MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation) began acquiring land and setting up industrial estates that it began to grow. Many companies have manufacturing plants in Latur, in agriculture processing, edible oils, biotech, consumer durables, plastic processing, and aluminium processing; but the majority are small- and medium-scale agricultural industries, not industrial ones.

Latur has the largest trading centre for soybean in India. The green city is inside what is called 'Sugar Belt' of Maharashtra. The district has more than eleven sugar factories, which makes it among the highest sugar-producing districts of India. It also has oil seeds, commodities and fruit market.

Latur is also known for high quality grapes and houses many state and privately owned cold storage facilities. A grape wine park spread over 1.42 square kilometres (350 acres) has been established near Ausa, 18 km from Latur city. A brand new Latur Food Park, spread across 1.2 square kilometres (300 acres) is under construction at Additional MIDC Latur. Latur is major transport junction to south India. In Latur, MDA FOUNDATION has gave students from 1to 12 free education for the welfare of the poor and the city.

Latur sugar belt[सम्पादयतु]

The Latur region is known as the "Sugar Belt of India". This region houses over eleven large sugar factories. Most of the sugar factories of the Latur sugar belt work on the co-operative basis. Latur got its title "Sugar Belt of India" largely due to the efforts of its cooperative political leader Keshavrao Sonawane, who was instrumental in setting up several co-operative institutions in Latur, Osmanabad, and elsewhere in Maharashtra.

MIDC industrial areas in Latur[सम्पादयतु]

  • Latur Industrial Area
  • Additional Latur Phase I Industrial Area
  • Additional Latur Phase II Industrial Area
  • Latur Co-Operative Industrial Estate
  • Murud taluka Co-Operative Industrial Estate
  • Chakur Co-Operative Industrial Estate
  • Udaygiri Co-Operative Industrial Estate
  • Ausa Industrial Area
  • Ahmedpur Industrial Area
  • Nilanga Industrial Area
  • Udgir Industrial Area

Specialised industrial parks and export zones in Latur[सम्पादयतु]

  • Latur Food Park
  • Latur Infotech Park
  • Latur Integrated Textile Park, Latur
  • Bombay Rayon Fashions, Latur
  • Grape Yards, Ausa

Chamber of Commerce and industry associations[सम्पादयतु]

  • Latur Chamber of Commerce, Latur
  • Latur Manufacturers Association, MIDC
  • Engineers and Architects Association, Latur
  • Latur Builders Association, Latur
  • Computers and Media Dealers Association (CMDA), Latur
  • Latur Branch of the Western India Regional Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

माध्यमा: सम्प्रेषणाश्च[सम्पादयतु]

Ritesh Deshmukh

Ritesh Deshmukh, son of Vilasrao Deshmukh, a prominent actor in Indian film industry is from Latur.

समाचारपत्राः: Lokmat, Sakal, and Ekmat are the most widely read Marathi newspapers in Latur.[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्] Navnirman, Lokasha, Lokman, Marathwada Neta, Punyanagri, Rajdharma, Sanchar, Sarathi Samachar, Tarun Bharat, and Yashwant are some other Marathi daily newspapers available in Latur.

Radio: The city has been sanctioned a FM radio station[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्] - All India Radio. But Laturkars are still waiting for the same, as AIR has not yet started functioning in the City.



Latur is connected by roads with various major cities of Maharashtra and other states. Road connectivity is excellent, and roads connecting to Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Satara, Kolhapur, Sangli, and Aurangabad are being upgraded to four-lane highways. Latur city has one national highway running through it, NH 361.


The scheme of nationalisation of passenger transport services was started as early as 1932 by the State of Hyderabad, which was one of the pioneers in the field of public road transport, first in collaboration with the railways and then as a separate Government Department. After the reorganisation of the Indian states and with an effective date from 1 July 1961, the Marathwada State Transport was amalgamated with the Bombay State Road Transport Corporation into the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation.[१५][१६] The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC)[१७] and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state.

The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state. Private buses have an established network to connect the city with all the major cities in Maharashtra and other states.

Intracity transport[सम्पादयतु]

मुख्यलेखः : Latur Municipal Transport

"Latur Municipal Transport" (LMT) is an intra-city bus service which covers almost all parts of the city and also connects to the more distant industrial suburbs. LMT (Latur Municipal Transport) intra-city buses ply throughout the city including the outskirts and connect different parts of the city and adjoining suburbs together.


Latur is served by Latur Airport, which is near Chincholiraowadi, 12 किलोमीटर (7.5 मील) northwest of the city. The Airport facilities include aircraft fuelling, night landing with navigational aids, aircraft parking, CAT VII airport fire fighting and rescue service. A well equipped terminal building has VIP lounges, departure and arrival lounges, transit suites and snooze cabins, visitors' waiting area, and a cafeteria.


मुख्यलेखः : Latur Railway Station

The Latur-Miraj Railway (metre gauge) runs for 391 मील (629 किमी) north-west from Latur city to Miraj on the south-western section of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and was built between 1929 and 1931.

The station (code: LUR) is located on the Latur-Miraj section of the Solapur railway division of the Central Railway zone. The Manmad-Kacheguda broad-gauge railway line, which emanates from the Vikarabad-Latur-Road-Parli trunk route at Latur Road, is an important artery of traffic in Latur district. It also serves as a link between Aurangabad and Hyderabad.

Latur has rail connectivity with Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Osmanabad, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Basar, Nizamabad, Nashik and Kachiguda.


मुख्यलेखः : Tourism in Marathwada
Ganj Golai
Buddha statue at Buddha Garden Temple in Latur, Maharashtra
Virat Hanuman Temple


  • Siddheshwar & Ratneshwar Temple is situated about 2 किलोमीटर (2,000 मी) from the city. It was built by King Tamradwaj and dedicated to Lord Siddharameshwar Swamy Siddarama of Solapur,[१८] who is a gramdaivat ("town deity") of Latur town.[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]
  • Ganj Golai is in the city center. Latur town planner Faiyajuddin designed the "Ganjgolai Chowk". The main building of the Golai is a huge two-storey structure which was constructed around the year 1917. In the middle of the circular structure is a temple of the Goddess Ambabai. There are 19 roads connecting to this golai ("roundabout") and along these roads are separate markets selling all kinds of traditional local wares from gold ornaments to footwear and food items from chili to jaggery. Thus, the "Ganjgolai" has become the main commercial and trade centre of the city.[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्][१८]
  • Shri Ashtavinayak Mandir is located in Shivaji Nagar, Latur. Constructed in 1989, it is a newly built temple famous for its beauty, as there are gardens on both sides of the temple, as well as some artificial fountains in front. A statue of lord Shiva, standing 8 to 9 feet tall is situated in the garden.[उद्धरणं वाञ्छितम्]
  • The Buddha Garden Temple has a large statue of Buddha.[१८]
  • Shri Virat Hanuman Mandir is situated at the Parivar Housing Society, close to Ausa Street, Latur. The construction of this sanctuary is quite different from different sanctuaries. this sanctuary is additionally surrounded by an excellent garden. This icon is nearly 28 feet high and is coloured scarlet red (shenderi).[१८]
  • Shri Keshav Balaji Temple is located in the city of Ausa, in Latur district. The temple is encompassed by slopes. There are four different sanctuaries: dedicated to Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, Lord Vitthal, and Goddess Rukmini, as well as to Keshavanand Bapu in similar premises. The sanctuary opens at 6:00 am and closes at 9:00 pm. Distinctive Sevas are performed for the duration of the day. There is an ordinary Prasadam, at 10:00 am and 7:00 pm, for guests. Mahaprasadam is held each Friday midway between 10:00 am and 6:00 pm. This temple is part of the Dharma va Sanskar Nagari ("Religion and Sacrament City") project.[१८]
  • Surat Shahawali Dargah is situated in Patel Chowk Ram Galli, which is part of Latur city. This darga was built around 1939 in memory of a Muslim holy person, Saif Ullah Shaha Sardari, who achieved Samadhi there. A yearly 5-day-long fair is held here in June or July.[१९]


  • Nana Nani Park is also known as Vilasrao Deshmukh Park. It is centrally situated, near the municipal office, and is popular with people due to its relaxing atmosphere. People walk here and spend time with family, children, and friends. There is a space for community meetings at the center of the park. An open theater is also available .[२०]


  • Late Vilasrao Deshmukh was an Indian politician who served two terms as the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra. He also served in the Union cabinet as the Minister of Science and Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences.
  • Shivraj Vishwanath Patil is an Indian politician who was the Governor of the state of Punjab and Administrator of the Union Territory of Chandigarh from 2010 to 2015. Previously, he was the Speaker of the 10th Lok Sabha from 1991 to 1996 and served in Manmohan Singh's cabinet as Union Minister of Home Affairs from 2004 to 2008. He also served in the Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi cabinets as Minister of Defence during the 1980s.
  • Riteish Deshmukh is an Indian film actor, producer and architect. He is known for his work in Hindi and Marathi cinema. He is the son of the former Chief Minister of Maharashtra late Vilasrao Deshmukh and Vaishali Deshmukh.
  • Sambhaji Patil Nilangekar is a Member of 13th Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and represents Nilanga. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Nilangekar was inducted in the cabinet of Devendra Fadnavis in 2016 and has the portfolio of Labour Skill Development & Entrepreneurship.

See also[सम्पादयतु]


  1. १.० १.१ १.२ "Census of India 2011 – Maharashtra – District Census Handbook – Latur". Census of India 2011. p. 39.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  2. "Gazetteers Department - Latur" (in Marathi). Government of Maharashtra. 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. आह्रियत 31 December 2015. 
  3. http://www.mclatur.org/
  4. "Latur District Map: History of Latur". Maps of India. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. "In dry Latur, villagers revive a dead river". The Times of India. 10 May 2016. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "Latur Drinking Water Crisis highlights absence of Water Allocation Policy and Management". South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People. 20 April 2016. 
  7. Gokhale, Nihar (8 September 2015). "Water supply once a month: lessons to be learnt from Latur". Catch News (Rajasthan Patrika Group). Archived from the original on 11 September 2015.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. Maharashtra government web site Archived १३ फेब्रवरी २००९ at the Wayback Machine
  9. "The September 29, 1993, M6.4 Killari, Maharashtra Earthquake in Central India, EERI Newsletter, Vol. 28, No. 1, January 1994". आह्रियत 15 March 2016. 
  10. "अमित देशमुखांचे मंत्रिपद हुकले, फौजिया खान यांचे राज्यमंत्रिपद सुरक्षित" [Amit Deshmukh not picked for Cabinet, Fauzia Khan is Minister of State Security]. Divyamarathi.com (in Marathi). 30 May 2014.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  11. Tracking CBI judge Brijgopal Loya’s last journey from Nagpur to Latur[१][२][३]
  12. "Maharashtra mayoral polls: Sena-Congress-NCP get the better of BJP". The Economic Times. PTI. 22 November 2019.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  13. "What is Latur Pattern?". Mylaturpattern.com. 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. आह्रियत 15 November 2013.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |df= ignored (help)
  14. "Ex-minister Keshavrao Sonawane dead". Mumbai Mirror. आह्रियत 18 April 2015. 
  15. "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation". 
  16. "MSRTC - Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation: History". Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  17. "Latur Division". Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. 
  18. १८.० १८.१ १८.२ १८.३ १८.४ "Religious Places". Government of Maharashtra: Latur (in en-US).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  19. Bade, Ganeshkumar (17 December 2011). "Surat Shahawali Dargah". Blogspot: Latur – An Ancient Glory.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  20. "Nana Nani Park". TripAdvisor.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)


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