विकिपीडिया, कश्चन स्वतन्त्रः विश्वकोशः
अत्र गम्यताम् : सञ्चरणम्, अन्वेषणम्
"Arctic Sea" redirects here. For the cargo ship, see MV Arctic Sea.

फलकम्:Use Canadian English

Map of the Arctic Ocean, with borders as delineated by the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), including Hudson Bay (some of which is south of 57°N latitude, off the map).

फलकम्:Five oceans The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans.[१] The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) recognizes it as an ocean, although some oceanographers call it the Arctic Mediterranean Sea or simply the Arctic Sea, classifying it a mediterranean sea or an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean.<ref>Tomczak, Matthias; Godfrey, J. Stuart (2003). Regional Oceanography: an Introduction (2nd ed.). Delhi: Daya Publishing House. ISBN 81-7035-306-8. http://www.es.flinders.edu.au/~mattom/regoc/ 

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  1. Michael Pidwirny (2006). "Introduction to the Oceans". www.physicalgeography.net. Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-07.