गोदावरीनदी

अधि विकिपीडिया, एकः स्वतन्त्रविश्वविज्ञानकोश
अत्र गम्यताम् : सञ्चरणं, अन्वेषणम्
गोदावरी
(दक्षिण गङ्गा)
River
The Mouth of the Godavari river (East) emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
Country India
States महाराष्ट्रम्, आन्ध्रप्रदेशः
Region South India, West India
Tributaries
 - left Purna, Pranahita, Indravati, Sabari, Taliperu
 - right Pravara, Manjira, Pedda Vagu, Manair, Kinnerasani
City राजमण्ड्री
Source
 - elevation फलकम्:Unit height
 - coordinates 19°55′48″N 73°31′39″E / 19.93°N 73.5275°E / 19.93; 73.5275
Mouth
 - elevation फलकम्:Unit height
 - coordinates 17°0′N 81°48′E / 17°N 81.8°E / 17; 81.8
Length १,४६५ km (९१० mi)
Basin ३,१२,८१२ km2 (१,२०,७७७ sq mi)
Discharge for Polavaram (1901-1979)
 - average फलकम्:Unit discharge [१]
 - max फलकम्:Unit discharge
 - min फलकम्:Unit discharge
Path of the Godavari through the South Indian Peninsula

उपनद्यः[सम्पादयतु]

पूर्णा प्रणहिता इन्द्रवती शबरीनदी प्रवरा मञ्जिरा पेड्डावगु मनैर् किन्नेसरी च। सा राजमण्ड्रेः समीपे बङ्गालोपसागरेन मिलति ।

गोदावरीनद्याः कृते निर्मिता सेतुः

गोदावरी दक्षिणभारतस्य प्रमुखा नदी। सा दक्षिणगङ्गा इत्यपि प्रसिद्धा। इयं महाराष्ट्रस्य नासिकमण्डले त्रयम्बकेश्वरे उद्भ्वति। सप्तपवित्रनदीषु अन्यतमा गोदावरी भारतस्य पश्चिमभागात् पूर्वाभिमुखं प्रवह्य अनन्तरं दक्षिणाभिमुखं प्रवहति । एतस्याः दक्षिणगङ्गा इत्यपि अपरं नाम । भारतस्य प्रमुखनदीषु अन्यतमायाः एतस्याः दैर्घ्यं १४६५ कि.मी.यावत् अस्ति । गङ्गायाः अनन्तरं भारतस्य द्वितीया दीर्घा नदी, दक्षिणभारतस्य दीर्घतमा नदी अस्ति । । पाण्डीचेरीसमीपे याणम् इत्यत्र तथा आन्ध्रप्रदेशस्य पूर्वगोदावरीमण्डले अन्तर्वेदी इत्यत्र बङ्गालोपसागरेण मिलति । एषा बसरा (आदिलाबादमण्डलम्) इत्यत्र आन्ध्रप्रदेशं प्रविशति । अत्र एव प्रसिद्धं ज्ञानसरस्वत्याः मन्दिरम् अस्ति । भारते द्वितीयं सरस्वत्याः मन्दिरम् एतत् । आन्ध्रप्रदेशस्य तेलङ्गाणाप्रदेशमार्गेन गमनसमये धर्मपुरी इति कश्चन लघुग्रामः लभ्यते । अत्र अनेकानि मन्दिराणि सन्ति ।While passing through telangana region of

नासिकनगरस्य अनन्तरं गोदावरीनद्याः तीरे द्वितीयं महानगरं नामराजमण्ड्री . राजमण्ड्र्यां गोदावरीनद्याः अत्यन्तं विशालं पात्रम् अस्ति । तन्नाम नद्याः अपरं तीरं ५ कि.मी.दूरे कोव्वूरुनगरे भवति । १९६४ तः -१९६९ पर्यन्तस्य पञ्चवार्षिकयोजनायां निर्मितः श्रीरामसागरप्रकल्पः आदिलाबादमण्डलस्य निझामाबादमण्डलस्य करीमनगरमण्डलस्य वरङ्गलमण्डलस्य च जलापेक्षां पूरयति ।

नद्याः तीरे विद्यमानानि प्रमुखनगराणि[सम्पादयतु]

महाराष्ट्रे[सम्पादयतु]

आन्ध्रप्रदेशे[सम्पादयतु]

पण्डिचेर्याम्[सम्पादयतु]

Dams and bridges along the river[सम्पादयतु]

A barrage was built on the river at Dowleswaram by Sir Arthur Cotton in 1852. As it was damaged in 1987 floods, it was rebuilt as a barrage and roadway during 1987 and named after him. The roadway connects Dowleswaram in East Godavari and Vijjeswaram in West Godavari.

There is also a big dam built just after the source of the river at Trimbakeshwar. The dam is in the town of Gangapur, which literally means a town on a river. The dam provides drinking water to the residents of Nashik and also supplies water to the thermal power station situated downstream at Eklahare, which provides power to the town.

There is another multipurpose project on the Godavari River named Sriram Sagar Project on the borders of Adilabad and Nizamabad District. It is in the town of Pochampad, 60 km away from Nizamabad. It irrigates 4 districts of Northern Telangana Region of Andhra Pradesh and supplies power.

Sunset on the Godavari river. The Havelock Bridge can be seen in the background

The Jayakwadi dam near Paithan is one of the largest earthen dam in India. This dam was built to address the problem of drought in Marathwada region and problem of flood along the bank of river. Two 'left' and 'right' canals provide the irrigation to fertile land up to Nanded district. This dam has major contribution in industrial development of Aurangabad Maharashtra.

The Rail-Road Bridge in between Rajahmundry and Kovvur

There are 3 railway bridges spanning the river between East Godavari and [[पशिम-गोदावरीमण्डलम्]] districts.

  1. Havelock bridge (Named after the then Madras Governor)
  2. Rail-cum-road bridge
  3. New railway bridge

Construction for this bridge started in 1876, and was completed in 1897. It was constructed under the supervision of F.T. Granville Walton who had constructed the Dufferin Bridge over the Ganges, and Granville Mills, British engineers. Spanning over 3 km in length, it linked the East Godavari and पशिम-गोदावरीमण्डलम्The bridge has been a vital link enabling trains to run between Chennai and Howrah. Trains continued to ply over the bridge for a century until 1997, when train services over the bridge were suspended after the construction of two additional bridges.

This bridge constructed over a quarter of a century ago, serves as both a railway bridge and as a roadway between the East Godavari and West Godavari Districts.

This bridge completed in 1997, was built upstream of the earlier bridges.

Significance[सम्पादयतु]

Religious significance[सम्पादयतु]

The Godavari River is sacred to Hindus and has several pilgrimage centers on its banks. It has been held as a special place of pilgrimage for many thousands of years. Many famous personalities, including Baladeva (5000 years ago) and more recently Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (500 years ago) have bathed in her waters as an act of worship.

Godavari is considered the Dhakshin (Southern) Ganga and Draksharama Dhakshin Kasi. Every twelve years, Pushkaram fair is held on its banks of the river. Crores of people have a holy dip in the sacred waters of the river to purify themselves of all their sins.

Legend has it that Sage Gautama lived on the Brahmagiri Hills at Trayambakeshwar with his wife Ahalya. The rishi kept his stock of rice in a granary. Once, a cow entered his granary and ate up the rice. When the rishi tried to ward the cow away with Durbha grass, it fell dead. The rishi wanted to relieve himself of the sin of 'Gohatya'. He worshipped Lord Shiva and requested him to bring the Ganga to purify his hermitage. Lord Shiva pleased with the rishi appeared as Triambaka and brought along the river Ganga. Since the Ganga was brought down to Triambakeshwar by Sage Gautama, it is known here as Gautami. It is also known as Godavari because the river helped Sage Gautama to relieve his sins.

Ecological significance[सम्पादयतु]

The Coringa mangrove forests in the Godavari delta are the second largest mangrove formation in the country. Part of this has been declared as the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, renowned for its reptiles. They also provide an important habitat to a wide variety of fish and crustaceans. These forests also act as barriers against cyclones, tropical storms and tidal waves thus protecting the nearby villages.

The Krishna Godavari basin is one of the main nesting sites of the endangered Olive Ridley turtle.

Godavari is also a home to the endangered fringed-lipped carp (Labeo fimbriatus).[२]

Godavari is the second largest river in India after river Ganges.

Other significance[सम्पादयतु]

one of the ships of the Indian Navy has been named INS Godavari after the river.

Places of interest[सम्पादयतु]

The Godavari flowing through Bhadrachalam.

Like any other major rivers in India, the banks of this river also has many pilgrimage sites.

  • Trimbakeshwar - One of the twelve Jyotirlingas and ancient temple of Lord Shiva.
  • Nashik - One of the four Sinhastha Kumbh Mela, Hindu pilgrimage place.
  • Paithan - Saint Eknath's native place, famous Jayakwadi dam, and a beautiful garden name as Sant Dnyneshwar Udyan.
  • Nanded - Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, One of the five most sacred places in Sikhism.
  • Basar (originally, Vyasara) - Sri Gyana Saraswati temple is situated on the banks of Godavari, in Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh. It is 210 km from state capital Hyderabad and accessible by road and rail (nearest major station: Nizamabad, although Basar station also exists). It is considered that the sage Vyasa wrote the Mahabharata on the banks of Godavari at this location, and thus the place came to be known as Vyasara.
  • Dharmapuri, Andhra Pradesh - Hindu Temple of Lord Narasimha. Godavari flows from North to South in Dharmapuri, hence the river is localled called 'Dakshina Vahini' [South Flowing]
  • Kaleshwaram - Sri Kaleswara Mukhteswara swamy Temple is situated here on the banks of Triveni sangamam of rivers godavari and pranahita. (border of Andhra Pradesh and Maharastra). It is 125 kilometers away from Karimnagar, 115 km away from Warangal city.
  • Bhadrachalam - Hindu Temple of Lord Rama.
  • Rajahmundry - Center for Telugu Literature. A town that symbolises Telugu Culture. It is the native of Aadikavi Nannaya, one of the writers of kavitrayam. Famous for the Godavari Pushkaralu - an event that happens once in every 12 years, celebrated with pomp and glory and attended by lakhs of people from all round the world. A bath in Godavari during the pushkaram period is said to be equivalent to bathing in the holy River Ganges.
  • Pattiseema - A village where a Hindu temple is located on a small hill on an island in the river.
  • Antarvedi - Famous for Hindu temple of Sri Laxmi Narasimha Swamy. Also, one of the mouths of the river joins Bay of Bengal here.
  • Konaseema - Picturesque delta of Godavari.


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