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Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Flag of Massachusetts State seal of Massachusetts
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Bay State,[१] The Old Colony State,[२] The Codfish State[३]
Motto(s): Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (Latin)
By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty
State anthem: All Hail to Massachusetts
Map of the United States with Massachusetts highlighted
Official language(s) English[४]
Demonym Bay Stater (official)[५] Massachusite (traditional)[६][७] Massachusettsian (archaic)[८]
(and largest city)
Largest metro area Greater Boston
Area  Ranked 44th in the U.S.
 - Total 10,555 sq mi
(27,336 km2)
 - Width 183 miles (295 km)
 - Length 113 miles (182 km)
 - % water 25.7
 - Latitude 41° 14′ N to 42° 53′ N
 - Longitude 69° 56′ W to 73° 30′ W
Population  Ranked 14th in the U.S.
 - Total 6,692,824 (2013 est)
Density 840/sq mi  (324/km2)
Ranked 3rd in the U.S.
 - Median income  $65,401 (2008) (6th)
 - Highest point Mount Greylock[९][१०][११]
3,489 ft  (1063.4 m)
 - Mean 500 ft  (150 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[१०]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union  February 6, 1788 (6th)
Governor Deval Patrick (D)
Lieutenant Governor Vacant
Legislature General Court
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Elizabeth Warren (D)
Ed Markey (D)
U.S. House delegation 9 Democrats (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC -5/-4
Abbreviations MA Mass. US-MA
Website www.mass.gov

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